Raising the capacity of marginalized groups to facilitate class mobility

One of Malaysia’s strengths is its ethnically diverse society, consisting of the majority Malays and indigenous groups (Bumiputera), as well as Chinese, Indians and others. Capacity development interventions have arisen from the need to advance Malaysia’s standing as a new state, but also to address ethnic imbalances inherited from colonial rule.

Two priorities have been clear. The first involved increasing wealth among the Bumiputera so they could be entrepreneurs in their own right. The second sought to raise the number of Bumiputera in higher education so they could have a chance at class mobility. These initiatives have enabled hitherto marginalized ethnic groups to participate in mainstream development while contributing significantly to the transformation and relative peace and prosperity of their country.

Source: Lopes and Theisohn (2003) Ownership Leadership and Transformation: Can We Do Better for Capacity Development?  Earthscan Publications and UNDP.


For the complete case story, please see the PDF file attached below.

Year of publication: 
UNDP Ownership Leadership and Transformation
Themes and sectors: 
Economic development
Themes and sectors: 
Social exclusion
198-Bk3PartB_MALAYSIA_class_mobility.pdf41.05 KB