The study of capacity in fragile situations is still embryonic and the literature is much less extensive than for capacity and capacity development more generally. Knowledge to date suggests that capacity issues in fragile situations are different from those in low-income countries more generally, leading to the need to use a tailored and phased approach and to find a balance between the long term need to develop sustainable capacity and short-term pressures to provide basic services including health, education and security. more
A vocal civil society is critical for a functioning society. No meaningful discussion on strengthening national capacity is possible without recognition of the existing and potential role that non-state actors can play in supporting state institutions in exercising good governance and delivering basic services. more
Among the wide range of CD challenges that developing countries seek to address, there are a number of generic capabilities that relate to the core functions of government / public administration that need to be in place to facilitate effective and transparent management of public resources including those received through development assistance. These core capabilities are commonly referred to as country system capacity(ies) and include: public financial management, monitoring and evaluation, statistics and information management, and procurement. While these are rightfully addressed as fundamental concerns of public administration and management, they necessarily involve stakeholders in civil society such as parliaments, representatives of the private sector and interests groups, the media etc. more
The enabling environment provides the institutional, political and social conditions for sustainable capacity development to take place. Any attempt to understand the factors that facilitate or constrain capacity development must necessarily take account of the enabling environment. more
Capacity development strategies and objectives should be an integral part of partner country national, sector and thematic policies and strategies, rather than treated as stand-alone or as an add-on. An increasing number of developing countries and donors have adopted sector wide approaches that integrate capacity development within country policies and strategies in specific sectors. One of the major challenges currently being faced relates to the definition of clear and measurable capacity development objectives to be included in supported country strategies, so as to make capacity development an explicit policy priority. more
In practice Technical Cooperation (TC) has been the principal instrument used by donor agencies to support countries develop their capacity, and it consumes approximately 25% of all ODA. However, despite notable successes, TC has been the subject of considerable critiques with respect to cost and effectiveness. more